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The First Patent For Peanut Butter Was Filed In 1895, And Then It Was Established As A Delicacy Among The Elite

Although Edson’s peanut paste never became widespread, it paved the way for later versions of peanut butter.

A decade later, John Harvey Kellogg, an American physician, filed the first patent for peanut butter in 1895.

He boiled peanuts and ground them into a paste for his patients at the Western Health Reform Institute, marketing it as a healthy food product.

He also shared it with wealthy guests at his sanitarium, and they helped establish it as a delicacy among the elite.

Kellogg was known as a Seventh-Day Adventist with eccentric beliefs. One of the reasons he promoted peanut butter was that he considered it a more virtuous alternative to meat.

He endorsed plant-based diets because he believed meat was not easily digestible and stimulated sinful urges.

Since he used steamed or boiled peanuts, the taste of his spread was much more bland than modern peanut butter.

Before the end of the century, an employee of Kellogg’s, John Lambert, invented machinery to produce peanut butter on a larger scale.

He launched his own company, selling the nut butter and the equipment to make it. Ultimately, a rival peanut butter business was given a patent for one of the first peanut butter machines in 1903. Technological innovations would continue to improve the quality of peanut butter.

One significant improvement was made by Joseph Rosefield. Before, consumers of the product would have to stir the peanut butter frequently with a wooden paddle to prevent the naturally occurring oil from separating and spoiling.

In 1921, he patented a chemical process called partial hydrogenation, which allowed peanut butter to stay on store shelves longer without spoiling. Later on, he founded the peanut butter brand Skippy in the 1930s.

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